Located between the national historical and cultural city--Dali and the provincial tourism resort--Lijiang, Jianchuan County covers an area of about 2250 square kilometers. The county sited at an altitude of 2,200 meters, with a annual average temperature of 12.3 ℃. There are Bai, Han, Yi, Hui, Naxi and other 16 ethnic minorities reside here. Among them, Bai accounts for 91.6% of the total population, which makes Jianchuan County as the highest proportion of the Bai People.
The name of "Jianchuan" has a very long history, which first appeared in Chinese Historical in 707 AD. Jianchuan County is pregnant with beauty and fame. There is famous Shizhongshan Grotto, which has been hailed as the "Southern Treasure" Mr. Jin Yong, and awarded as the first batch of national key cultural relic protection units together with the Beijing Forbidden City by the State Council. There also are the 3A level scenic spots - One Thousand Lion Mountain; magical beautiful "Yunnan Mountain Ancestors" – Laojun Mountain; One of UNESCO World 101 endangered architectural sites—Shaxi Temple Deng Street; Jianchuan Ancient City with more than 600 years of history; and the "Pearl of the plateau" Sword Lake.
The Shizhongshan Grottoes on Shibaoshan figure prominently with its special historical and cultural value and high artistic level. The caves can date back from Nanzhao (738 -902)to the Dali Kingdom (937～1253), which has a history of more than 1,000 years. The caves including the image of Nanzhao king, foreigners and many statues. These sculptures are rich in ethnic style, sophisticated technology and lifelike, shoeing the exquisite carving skills and superb artistic level of the ancient Bai people.
There also many other monuments in Jianchuang County, such as Stone Bell temple in Tang Dynasty (618-907), Bao Xiang Temple in Yuan Dynasty (1206-1368), Xingjiao Temple of Ming Dynasty (1368-1644), Haiyun Habitat of Qing Dynasty (1644-1912).
Jianchuan has a long history and splendid culture. As early as 3000 years ago, Jianchuan ancestors had become the first to complete the historic leap of transiting from the Stone Age to the Bronze Age in this land of magic and beauty, creating the precedent of Yunnan "bronze culture" and "rice cultivation culture". As early as 2000 years ago, the Qin and Han dynasties, Jianchuan had become the traffic fortress of “Southern Silk Road "and" Tea Horse Road ", and occurred commercial and cultural exchanges with the Central Plains, Southeast Asia, Central and Western Asia.
With famous grotto art and exquisite workmanship wood carving, Jianchuan, the ancient times’ state of literature, has become a well-known historical and cultural county.
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